Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery

It is a surgical field applied by dentists to correct jaw injuries and deformity problems in the fields of oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery. The first priority in this area is to eliminate the problems in bone tissue, also known as hard tissue, and skin and muscle tissue, also known as soft tissue. In the Department of Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery; all soft tissues in the mouth such as tongue, cheek, lips, salivary glands; We perform the diagnosis and surgical treatment of all diseases of the teeth, jaw and jaw joints. Maxillofacial surgery, also known as orthognathic surgery, is a good option for problems that cannot be resolved with orthodontic treatment alone. Surgical procedures are planned according to the type of operation and the characteristics of the patient; It can be used under local anesthesia, sedation or general anesthesia. Unlike other oral and dental procedures, jaw surgeries are performed under general anesthesia. For this reason, the patient does not feel any pain or ache during the operation due to the general anesthesia. As in all surgical procedures, some difficulties and other results can be observed after surgery in maxillofacial surgery. When the effect of anesthesia wears off, problems such as mild pain, swelling and bruising in the face and jaw structure may occur. These are complications that may occur after any surgery, and if you use the drugs given by the experts correctly, these problems will disappear. As in all surgical procedures, some difficulties and other results can be observed after surgery in maxillofacial surgery. When the effect of anesthesia wears off, problems such as mild pain, swelling and bruising in the face and jaw structure may occur.

Maxillofacial surgery, which can be applied to people who have serious jaw structure problems in the future, is applied to patients whose skeletal development and jaw structure are established. People who have developed the jaw line can have this treatment done on both the lower and upper jaw. People who have difficulty and discomfort in chewing, closing the mouth and speaking due to structural problems of the jaw can get help from specialists for jaw surgery treatment. Since the lower jaw is further back or further than the upper jaw, people who have aesthetic concerns may apply to chin aesthetics to relieve these concerns.

Which Services Are Provided Within the Scope of Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery?

The clinical practice of oral and maxillofacial surgery is a disciplinary structure that covers a wide range of topics. Oral and maxillofacial surgery services in our department are as follows:

  • Extraction of teeth that may or may not be associated with wisdom tooth problems.
  • Removal of damaged teeth, surgical or non-surgical removal of normal teeth,
  • Placement of dental implants and, if necessary, sinus lifting, transplantation (bone powder-autogenous block grafts),
  • Surgical correction of both hard and soft tissues in the mouth before the prosthesis is placed,
  • Diagnosis and treatment of tumor or cyst formations in the soft tissues (tongue, cheek, lips, salivary glands) and hard tissues (teeth, bones) in the mouth,
  • Treatment of infections in the jaw, teeth and face area,
  • Treatment of jaw and tooth fractures,
  • Treatment of jaw joint diseases, Surgical treatment of temporomandibular joint maxillary fractures,
  • Removal of soft tissue damage in and around the chin and implant surgery


In the first days of jaw surgery treatment, the patient's wishes are also taken into account when informing about the treatment and planning the treatment process. Although the main purpose of chin surgery is to treat physical problems, the treatment process can be planned in the first stage by considering the patient's aesthetic concerns. In such a planned treatment process, both the patient's jaw problems are treated and a better aesthetic appearance is obtained. In this way, the patient receives the treatment of his illness and helps him feel better psychologically. After the whole process, the patient's jaw structure is corrected, the position of the teeth is corrected, and the patient has a better appearance.

How is Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery Applied?

These features vary according to the type of operation performed. While the procedure is being planned, the volume of local anesthesia may vary according to the size of the operation. Local anesthesia, sedation or general anesthesia can be used during this procedure.

In the treatment of maxillofacial surgery, first tomography and x-rays are taken to the patients. Then, the treatment process and steps are planned according to the images obtained. After the experts make the plans, they inform the patient about the treatment process. After the patient is informed, the conditions that cause anxiety are explained and the treatment process begins. Orthodontic treatment, which lasts an average of 1-2 years, is applied in the treatment of jaw surgery. Before starting the treatment of jaw problems, the closure and position of the teeth should be corrected. To do this, the braces treatment process begins. After the end of the treatment, the treatment of the chin begins. At the end of the treatment process, x-rays and photographs of the patients are taken again and jaw operations are planned. The recovery period after chin surgery and treatment is approximately one month. At the end of this month, patients will be fitted with 6-12 month braces. In this process, it is the last treatment step required to make the first treatment and subsequent jaw surgery permanent.

Frequently Asked Questions

Should every impacted wisdom tooth be extracted?

Of course, not every impacted tooth needs to be extracted. However, since partially enlarged wisdom teeth cannot be cleaned easily, they can rot and harm oral health. In addition, wisdom teeth that are completely embedded in the bone can damage other teeth and cause cysts. Such teeth should be extracted as soon as possible.

What should be done in case of any blow to the mouth, chin and face area?

If there is no brain damage, the patient should be referred to a maxillofacial surgeon if mouth, jaw and facial fractures are suspected. Necessary radiological examinations should be performed and jaw fractures should be treated immediately.

What are the problems caused by jaw joint discomfort?

Among the problems arising from temporomandibular joint disease, there are situations such as making a sound while eating, pain, limitation in opening the mouth.