Prosthetic Dentistry

What is Prosthetic (Prosthetic) Dentistry?

It aims to restore the lost aesthetics and function to the patient by restructuring the missing teeth and tissues around the mouth.

What are the Treatment Options in Prosthetic Dentistry?

Fixed Dentures: Inlays can be made for teeth with insufficient dental tissue support and material loss that cannot be corrected with filling. In cases where one or more teeth are missing, dentures are bridges where the teeth on both sides of the gap are reduced and used as support. Changes in people's social life, the development of dental technology and the development of prosthetic treatments have increased the aesthetic and functional expectations of patients and raised their living standards. Especially in connection with the growth of aesthetic expectations, metal alloys used in infrastructure have been replaced by high-quality aesthetic and biocompatible materials.

Zirconium Restorations: They are extremely durable, biocompatible and aesthetic restorations. The fact that zirconium oxide is a material close to natural tooth color and can withstand at least as much force has made the use of zirconium ceramics in fixed and implanted prostheses widespread. Implant crowns; They are restorations with high aesthetic properties, made entirely of ceramic, with better durability and very good light transmission, without the use of infrastructure materials such as metal or zirconium oxide.

Laminate Restorations: They are very aesthetic fillings close to natural teeth in the treatment of shape, color, shape and size disorders in the tooth by sticking leaf-shaped porcelains obtained as a result of minimal friction on the tooth surface.

What are Removable Prostheses?

In cases where the natural tooth is present but the fixed prosthesis cannot be adequately supported, the removable prosthesis and partial dentures supported by both the tooth and the tissues can be recommended to the patient. In partial dentures, the metal parts that support the teeth extending over the natural teeth spoil the aesthetic appearance. To eliminate this negativity, carefully maintained prostheses are used.

What are Implant Top Prostheses?

Prostheses that are supported by implants instead of natural teeth are called implant prostheses.

Fixed prostheses on implants:These are crown or bridge prostheses consisting of one or more implants, used by fixing or screwing. Especially in cases where some teeth are missing, it is placed in the missing area to prevent damage to neighboring healthy teeth. These prostheses can be made of metal ceramic or zirconium.

Implant-based removable dentures: Implant-removable dentures are a form of treatment in which 2, 3 or 4 implants are placed in the jaw in complete edentulism. These prostheses are prostheses supported by both implants and tissues. Fewer implants in strongly sucking jaws eliminates the problem of dislocation of these removable dentures.

Hybrid prostheses: The rapid developments in implant technology and the widespread use of implant therapy have allowed patients to switch from comfortable removable prostheses to fixed prostheses. These implant-supported prostheses, called hybrid prostheses, make prostheses that patients can wear more easily. Hybrid prostheses are prostheses that cannot be removed by the patient, but can be removed by the doctor when necessary.

What are Maxillofacial Prostheses?


Surgical and prosthetic treatment of congenital anomalies, trauma or large lesions after tumor surgery is quite difficult. Maxillofacial prostheses provide aesthetic and functional treatment of these patients.
Night plaque:
These are the transparent plaques made to eliminate the negative conditions that may occur in the natural teeth and jaw joint due to clenching and grinding of the teeth during sleep.

Frequently Asked Questions

Will I get used to my prostheses immediately and will I be able to eat as before?

Getting used to prostheses is a time-consuming problem. Even in very well-made prostheses, this process varies from person to person. In this process, patients should take small bites by mouth and chew food slowly without opening their lips. At first, it helps them to chew on both sides by placing food on either side of their mouth. It is recommended to eat soft foods on the first days of using the prosthesis. If the prosthesis comes to the affected areas, the doctor repairs them. It usually takes 4-6 weeks to have a normal and comfortable meal with full dentures. Patients should spend this time following their doctor's advice, and most importantly, they should be "determined" to wear their dentures. This is especially true for patients with old dentures.

Will I be able to talk normally with my prostheses?

Dentures can cause changes in the oral environment, such as difficulty pronouncing certain sounds. In this case, the person should read aloud in front of the mirror and try to normalize the words that cannot be pronounced correctly by repeating them.

Will I use my dentures continuously for 24 hours?

In order for patients to get used to their prostheses as soon as possible, they should wear them continuously for the first few days. However, after getting used to it, it is recommended to remove it at night and wrap it in a wet paper towel. This allows the soft tissues to rest. In special cases where the dentures cannot be removed at night, it is recommended that the patient remove them alone and rest the dental tissues.